Doṣa Series, Part 1 of 3: Vāta

Astanga Hrdayam of Vaghbata, CH1,10.5

tatra rūkṣo laghu: śīta: khara: sūkṣmaścalo’nila: ||

The qualities of Vāta are dry, light, cool, rough, subtle and mobile.

  • Rooksha – dryness
  • Laghu – lightness
  • Sheeta – coldness
  • Khara – roughness
  • Sookshma – minuteness
  • Chala – movement

Astanga Hrdayam of Vaghbata, CH1,18

guru manda hima snigdha ślakṣṇa sāndra mṛdu sthirā

guṇā: sasūkṣma viśadā: viṃśati: sa viparyayā: ||

Heavy, Slow, Cool, Unctuous, Smooth, Dense, Soft and Stable. These qualities, along with subtle, clear and their opposites, comprise the 20 qualities.

  • guru (heavy) • laghu (light in weight)
  • manda (slow). • tiksna (quick,fast)
  • sheeta/hima (cold) • ushna (hot)
  • snighda (unctuous) • ruksa (dry)
  • slaksna (smooth) • khara (rough)
  • sandra (solid) • drava (liquid)
  • mrdu (soft) • kathina (hard)
  • sthira (stable) • cala/sara (moving, unstable)
  • suksma (stable, small) • sthula (big,gross)
  • vishada (non slimy) • picchila (slimy)

Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana, CH 1, 41

Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana, CH 1, 44-45

  • Like increases like. Opposite qualities balance each other.

Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana, CH 1, 49

  • 20 Gurvadi Gunas


  1. Joanne Chou says:

    Hi Catrina! Is there a resource that I can use to understand more about how different oils affect the vata pitta kapha imbalances? I got virgin hazelnut oil and virgin pumpkin seed oil and I am wondering about whether it is good to use. I used the pumpkin seed oil last time and it’s not as oily as the avocado. It absorbed into my body really quickly!

    • Hi Joanne! I don’t have a great resource on hand atm; but, I’m happy to put one together. This one may take some time. I’ll aim to have something ready for the dinacharya portion of the upcoming course, which is at the end of next month.

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